Columbus landed at mainland Honduras in 1502, and named the area "Honduras" (meaning "depths") for the deep water off the coast. Honduras is slightly larger than the state of Virginia, and shares its borders with Guatemala, El Salvador, and Nicaragua. The terrain is largely mountainous, with narrow plains along the coast. The capital city is Tegulcigalpa.
The Honduran population is about 7.8 million. Ninety percent of the population are mestizo (mixed Indian and European). There is a sizable Palestinian population, located primarily in Honduras’ second largest city, San Pedro Sula, which is active in business and politics. Inhabitants of African and West Indian descent live along the coast. About 7% of the population belong to one of seven officially recognized indigenous groups.
Honduras, with a per capita gross national income of $1,845, is one of the poorest countries in the western hemisphere. It is estimated that more than 65% of the population live in poverty. Many people make a meager living through agriculture. Recently Honduras has become an assembly site for textiles and clothing that is sold in the United States, providing an opportunity for employment. More than one million Hondurans are claimed to be living in the United States; their remittances back home play an important part in supporting families.
Most Hondurans are Roman Catholic, but Protestant churches are growing in number. While Spanish is the predominant language, some English is spoken along the northern coast and is prevalent on the Caribbean Bay Islands. The illiteracy rate is over 80%.
Honduras is home to the world-renowned Roatan Marine Park, a very popular destination for divers.
Hemophilia in Honduras
There are an estimated 780 Hondurans with bleeding disorders. The Sociedad Hondurena de Hemofilia, the national hemophilia foundation, has currently registered 263 patients.
Most people with bleeding disorders in the country don’t receive any treatment because it is unaffordable. National insurance only covers in-patient care. It is also difficult to access care due to the barrier of transportation between islands. Patients who can pay receive fresh frozen plasma or cryoprecipitate. Donated factor is sometimes available through the hemophilia patient organizations.
Save One Life established its relationship with the Sociedad Hondurena de Hemofilia in August 2010.